Winemaking or Oenology is the procedure where from the fruit with the right process we take the bottle of wine. There are different variety of grapes and this is the reason that there are different wines as well, some of them very special in their category.
The process of making wine has five different stages.
The first stage of the process is the “Harvesting”, that is actually the piking of the grapes from the trees and this is the reason that this stage is called “picking” as well. Harvesting can be done by hand or mechanically and is very important in the wine making process. Depending on when the Harvesting will take place determines the taste, the acidity and the sweetness of the wine. The way that the winemakers determine when the harvesting will take place depends from a combination of the old-fashioned tasting, science and the weather.
The next step in the procedure is the “crushing and pressing” that for so many years was taking place from the popular procedure of men and women doing this manually by stomping the grapes with their feet. Of course, the technology changed the procedure and nowadays machines replaced this old school procedure. Machines press the grapes into must that is the grape juice that contains the skins, seeds and solids. For the white wine the juice will quickly be separated from the other ingredients while for the red one the juice will be left with the skins in order to acquire flavor, color and additional tannins.
The following step is called “Fermentation”. The juice will begin fermenting naturally between the first 6 to 12 hours and many winemakers will add a commercial cultured yeast in order to create the wine that they desire. This procedure that usually takes place usually from two weeks up to a month converts most of the sugar in the grape juice into ethanol and carbon dioxide, which is lost to the atmosphere. For the sweet wines the winemakers will stop the procedure earlier before all of the sugar to be converted.
At the next stage we have the “Clarification”. At this stage all the dead yeast cells, tannins and proteins are removed. The wine is transferred into oak barrels or stainless-steel tanks and then is clarified through fining or filtration. Some winemakers might add a substance such as clay that the unwanted particles will adhere to. Filtration occurs by using a filter to capture the larger particles in the wine and then the wine will be racked into another vessel to be prepared for bottling or future aging.
The final stage of the wine making procedure is the “Aging and Bottling”. So the wine makers will bottle the wine right away and left it further aging into the bottle or they will keep it in the oak barrels or stainless-steel tanks. Oak barrels are very popular because the produce a smoother and more vanilla flavored wine and also increases the wine’s exposure to oxygen that will help the wine reach its optimal fruitiness. The bottles are closed with either a cork or a screw cap.
Peloponnese is the region in Greece from where all the most well-known Greek wines are produced! Especially Argolis and more specifically Nemea is the place where the most well-known Greek wines are produced and shipped to all over the world.
Most of the wineries in this area have the option of a tour at their spaces in order to learn exactly the procedure, taste some of the most popular Greek wines accompanied by small meals and buy some as well. Please keep in mind that almost all the wineries below require a booking at least a day in advance in order to be able to have the tour.
Below you will find a list with the most well-known wineries in the area and some information a well!
Booking a Tour: Tuesday – Saturday: 9:00am-4:00pm
Tel: (+30) 27460-31400
Skouras Winery (22,1Km)
Booking a Tour:
National Holidays: CLOSED
Tel: (+30) 27510-23688
Booking a Tour: Upon request
Tel: (+30) 27510-23620
Koroniotis Winery . (18,8km)
Booking a Tour:
Last Pour: 4:30pm
Tel: (+30) 27510-61094
Fragos Winery (24,5Km)
Booking. Tour: Upon request
Tel: (+30) 27510-77333
Lafkiotis Winery (35,8Km)
Booking a Tour: Weekdays: 10:00am-3:00pm
Tel: (+30) 27460-31361
Papaioanou Winery (35,7Km)
Booking a Tour: Upon Request
Tel: (+30) 27460-23694
Bairaktaris Winery (43Km)
Booking a Tour: Monday – Sunday: 10:00am-6:00pm
Tel: (+30) 27460 20455
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